Both Node.JS and python are two popular technologies for back-end framework development. But what is the difference between Node.JS and python? And which one should you choose?
If you are confused between Node.js VS Python, you have landed on the right page. Choosing the proper framework for back-end development can often be overwhelming. But we have got you covered. Read on to explore the specialties of both frameworks and the differences to decide which one suits you the best.
Introducing Node.js VS Python
Dynamic web apps are made using the object-oriented programming language Python. Python is the perfect programming language for scripting because of its syntax and dynamic typing. The Python programming language was created in 1991, which is over 30 years ago. High readability, scalability, and rapid development were priorities when it was built.
Python offers an open-source app development platform with really useful tools that streamline and accelerate the development process.
Difference Between Node.JS And Python In Statistics
Python is appropriate for backend applications, machine learning, and numerical computations, whereas Node js is the recommended choice for web apps and website development. This is the most common difference between Node.js and Python.
- Node.js is the sixth most popular and widely used programming language, according to Statista.
- Node.js is used by about 85% of business owners to create online applications.
- Nearly 58% less money is spent on development when using Node.js for applications. Additionally, it boosts application performance by 50%.
- Node.js developers might be hired for an hourly wage ranging from $18 to $38.
- Python is the third most popular and widely used programming language for creating applications, according to Statista.
- Applications for machine learning, artificial intelligence, and many other fields were developed with the aid of Python.
- Python coders get an average hourly wage of $20 to $40, according to Upwork.
Pros And Cons Of Node.js And Python
Before we get into a descriptive comparison between Node.js VS Python, here are some key benefits and drawbacks of both frameworks.
Why Is Node.js Better?
It Offers The Needed Flexibility For Microservice.
It is necessary to execute component creation and component execution several times in order to create a microservice architecture. To enable developers to work on numerous modules at once, Node Js features package management that offers free components. Organizations may easily maintain the testing procedure and product quality by using microservice development.
It Offers An Impressive Technical Stack
It Is Cost-Effective
Due to Node Js’ excellent compatibility with both front-end and back-end application development, hiring two distinct developers is not necessary. This makes it possible to reduce overall development expenses and speed up the process without sacrificing the application’s quality.
Drawbacks Of Node.JS
It Has A Highly Unstable API
The frequent API switching that leads to back-end incompatibility is one of the main drawbacks of Node Js. The modifications to the coding that make it more unstable are directly impacted by this incompatibility.
It Has A Callback Hell
Because Node Js is an asynchronous framework, there is an issue with nested callback functions that causes callback hell. Multiple callback situations reduce the quality of the code and are challenging to resolve and maintain whenever they arise.
It Can Not Process CPU-Bound Tasks
Due to the fact that Node Js only supports a single thread of execution, it is challenging for it to handle CPU-intensive operations. Anytime a request is made, the system will only fulfill it once before moving on to the next one. This procedure causes a significant delay and slows down the system. This is yet another difference between Node.js and Python.
Why Is Python A Better Choice?
It Offers Quick Development
Python’s excellent readability and quick code interpretation make it simpler to move the development cycle along more quickly. It takes less code to write than other languages, which instantly reduces development time and speeds up application development.
It Has Higher Flexibility
With various systems and programming languages, Python is very adaptable and compatible. When integrating different tools, languages, and platforms to create new products, developers find it simple to do so. .NET, C#, Python, and many other programming languages are just a few examples of languages that work nicely with Python.
It Offers A Large Library
Any application may be developed using Python because of the language’s extensive library support, which includes machine learning, web development, and game creation. It provides developers with simple-to-use libraries and permits bespoke development utilizing the library code. View the most well-liked Python machine-learning libraries.
Drawbacks Of Python
It Is Not Compatible For Mobile App Development.
Python cannot be used to create mobile apps since it is not a favored language for creating native apps. Additionally, Python does not allow mobile programming for iOS or Android.
It Has A Slow Speed.
NodeJS is slower than other programming languages in terms of performance when compared to Python because of its shorter execution time. Python’s line-by-line code execution makes web applications operate slowly as a whole.
It Has An Exhausted Memory
To maintain an application’s speed and performance during the development of any web application, less memory fatigue is required. Python has challenges with effective memory use, which results in subpar solutions.
Node.js VS Python: A Detailed Comparison
In terms of comparison, it is challenging to decide between Node.JS vs Python for the backend as both are excellent for app development. Especially given that Python and NodeJS are both highly favored for the creation of digital products. Let’s look more closely at this.
However, Python’s performance is not as quick and fluid as Node.js’. Since it cannot be used with parallel processing, it slows down the speed. Even so, it still allows for rapid application development.
When compared to Node.js, Python is much simpler to learn. Compared to other programming languages, it employs shorter code and a simpler syntax.
There is a sizable, vibrant community of Node.js users that are very knowledgeable and skillful. Node.js has 87.4K stars and 23.4K forks on Github, making it a vibrant community.
Python is an old programming language, as we already know. Additionally, it has a large and active developer community that is supportive if you run into problems with the creation of an application. Python has 23.1K forks and 44.7K stars on Github. Node.JS VS Python is compared by the community, and Node comes out on top.
Another significant difference between Node.js and Python is the capability to handle errors. Due to Node.js’s multitasking capabilities, handling errors and fixing problems may be done more easily while developing applications.
When it comes to multitasking, Python does not have it. However, it offers the most straightforward code and syntax, making the error-handling issue easier to resolve.
When creating a server-side component for an application, scalability must be maintained. Non-blocking I/O calls are managed by Node Js using a single thread. Since Node Js offers simple horizontal and vertical scalability, the worry of Node Js scalability in application development is one that should be avoided. Node Js offers increased speed on a single server and scalability over several servers.
The use of multithreading is necessary for scalable applications. However, because Python employs its Global Interpreter Lock, multithreading is not supported.
As a result, Python’s scalability in an application is inferior to Node Js’ since the latter does support running several jobs at once. When working on big application development projects, it becomes a little challenging because it only permits one job at a time.
Node.js VS Python: Uses
Here are the top uses of Node.js:
- Web applications
- Single page web applications
- Real-time chatbots
- Real-time collaboration tools
- Application for architecture
Companies That Use Node.JS
The most important video streaming service worldwide has historically been Netflix. The creators of Netflix have selected Node.js to create their user interface because they want their program to be snappy, modular, and speedy. Netflix has seen a 70% decrease in loading time in its web application since implementing Node js.
One of the first significant businesses to begin using Node Js in product development is Uber. Since Node.js has been used, Uber has experienced better performance and quick operational speed.
Popular Uses Of Python
- Web crawlers
- Software development
- Web development
- Image processing and character recognition
- Data Science
- Online game development
- ML applications
Companies That Use Python
Python supports Facebook’s continued dominance in the field of social media. Python is the basis for 21% of the code in apps, which was chosen to have a dependable codebase.
Because Django is used to develop Instagram, it would not have existed without Python (Python Framework). Instagram continues to employ Django to provide its users access to a very secure environment where they can post videos and photographs.
One of the biggest and most well-known music streaming services, Spotify, manages customer preferences using Python. Python has offered complete speed, dependability, scalability, and data analytics support to Spotify.
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