You (females) are in a relationship or married life. Sometimes, you forget to use contraceptive methods while having physical intimacy with your boyfriend or husband. And unfortunately, you conceive. You know your conception when you do a home pregnancy test after missing a period.
As you are not willing to carry your pregnancy due to your career growth, family responsibility, or any reason, you decide to abort by visiting an abortion centre in Delhi. At the centre, a respective doctor interacts with you and helps you terminate your pregnancy after clearing every associated point to you. To educate yourself, you (girls and married women) should know all the associate points of abortion. Here, know about abortion types and methods.
What is abortion?
Abortion refers to an act performed to terminate a pregnancy by the expulsion or removal of foetus or embryo. An abortion that happens without intervention is a miscarriage or sponteneous abortion. As per the Johns Hopkins Manual of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, such an abortion happen around 30% to 40% of all pregnancies. When females follow certain steps to end their pregnancies, it is induced abortion or induced miscarriage.
Types of abortion
Usually, abortion is of two types:
- Induced abortion – It is an abortion that you decide to happen with intervention . as per a study, around 205 million pregnancies happen in a year. Over 1/3rd of the total pregnancies end unintendedly and and 1/5th of them are induced abortion. As per the age of the foetus/embryo, doctors decide the methods to abort a pregnancy. Reasons behind induced abortion coule be therapeutic, career growth, family responsibility, or financial stability.
- Spontaneous abortion – It is usually a miscarriage that happens unintentionally before the 20-24th week of a pregnancy. Around 80% of spontaneous abortion or miscarriages happen in the first trimester. Miscarriages happen due to advance maternal age, maternal health, embryo/foetus health, diabetes, infection, and uterine abnormalities. A pregnancy ends before the 37th week and results in a live birth is a preterm birth or premature birth. And a foetus dies during delivery or after viability is stillborn. Experts do not refer preterm births and stillborn as miscarriages
As you visit an abortion centre in Delhi or your locality, you have a face-to-face interaction with a gynaecologist/obstritrician. During the interaction, you need to answer a few questions of your doctor. If required, the doctor conducts a physical examination and recommends a few tests/screenings. Based on all that, the doctor decides the right method to help you terminate your pregnancy. For your self-education, here are what doctors usually suggest:
- Medical abortion – It is a safe process in which gynaecologists/obstetricians recommend medicines like mifespristone and misoprostal in the eraly first trimester. It is legal up to 7-9 weeks of pregnancies. Timing differs from one country to another.
- Surgical abortion – Docttors opt a vacuum aspiration or suction aspiration for a pregnancy of up to 15 weeks. In the process, the experts remove the foetus or embryo from the uterus with the use of a suction. When a pregnancy is beyond 12 to 16 week, experts opt for dilation and evacuation (D&E). As per maternal and foetal health, experts can opt for other surgical methods to terminate a pregnancy.
- Labour induction abortion – Such a method is highly in practice at places where no medical facilities are available. It is a very uncommon method done from the 13th week to the 3rd trimester of a pregnancy. In this process, practitioners induce labour and do foetal demise if required. There is enough data about this method to abort a pregnancy.
What should you do?
As a female willing to terminate your pregnancy, you should discuss all associated points in detail. Whether you go with a medical or surgical abortion, you should know side effects of each method. Before you move ahead, you should value your health and life. If it is a threat to your life, you should avoid having an abortion and get ready give birth to the baby in your womb.