Heatstroke is a heat-related problem that takes place during the hot summer season. You can diagnose heatstroke from its symptoms such as no sweating, red and dry skin, high fever, vomiting, headache, nausea, etc. If these symptoms appear, then these indicate heat stroke. If heat stroke is not treated timely, then it can lead to death.
If you fail to determine whether it is heatstroke or any other problem, then you should immediately take the affected person to the nearest hospital. Doctors can easily test heat stroke. They can confirm it by doing a laboratory test. They will assess the organ damage to confirm this situation.
Diagnosis Of Heat Stroke
● Check Rectal Temperature
This temperature is recognized to determine the core body temperature. By checking the rectal temperature, you can easily determine the accurate core body temperature. This temperature is much more accurate and forehead temperature.
● Blood Test
With the help of a blood test, it is possible to determine sodium and potassium levels in the blood. Also, it helps in determining the content of gases in your bloodstream. It further helps in determining whether your central nervous system is working properly or not.
● Urine Test
It is another way to diagnose whether someone is affected by heat stroke or not. In case, anyone is affected with a heat-related problem, then the color of your urine will be dark.
● Muscle Function Tests
You should do a muscle function test to determine serious damage to the muscle tissues caused by heatstroke.
Imaging tests are done to determine damage to your internal organ caused by heatstroke.
Treatment Of Heat Stroke
The treatment of heatstroke is based on the cooling of your internal body. The main objective is to bring down the core temperature of your body to the normal level. It is very important to reduce the internal temperature of your body to prevent your brain and various vital organs from damage.
You should move the affected person to a cool region such as a building installed with ducted air conditioning Sydney. To treat heat stroke, the following types of treatments are used:
● Immersing In Cold Water
One of the most effective and quick ways to reduce the core temperature of your body is to take a cold bath. It is very important to quickly immerse your body in cold water to reduce the risk of organ damage and death.
● Evaporation Cooling Techniques
If you are not able to quickly take bath with cold water, then the evaporation method is used by health care professionals. The cold water is applied to your body and after that warm air is fanned over the affected person. It will lead to the evaporation of water. Finally, evaporation leads to a cooling effect on your skin.
● Packing With Ice Or Cooling Blankets
Another good idea to reduce the core temperature of the body is to wrap your body in a special type of blanket. This special type of blanket will help in reducing the core temperature of your body. After that, you should apply ice packs on the back, armpits, groin, and hands, to reduce the core temperature of your body.
● Special Medicine
The healthcare professionals will give a special type of vaccine to the affected person to stop their shivering. If the body cooling treatment makes the person shiver, then muscle relaxant can help in reducing shivering.
● Move To Cool Room
If you observe the signs and symptoms of heatstroke in any person around you, then you should take that person to the cool room. You should immediately turn on the air conditioning Sydney because it can help in instantly cooling down the room. The cool room can help in reducing the core body temperature of the affected person.
● Use Damp Sheets
If you do not have an air conditioner at your home, then you should wrap the affected person in damp sheets and turn on the fan. It will help in leaving a cooling effect on the affected person. You can also start spraying cold water on the body of the person and apply the air of the fan. It will help in cooling the body of an affected person.
● Take Cold Shower
You should immediately send the person for taking a cold shower. If you are outside and taking shower is not possible, then soaking in a cold pond or stream can help you.
Heatstroke takes place due to excessive heat and the low water level inside our body. Therefore, you should give plain and cold water to the affected person along with a sports drink. In case, your doctor is advised to avoid taking excessive fluid and salt, then you should ask your doctor to describe different ways for the rehydrating body.